References and Photos



Andrade. J., US Military Aircraft Designations and Serials Since 1909

Andrade, J., United States Military Aircraft Serials Numbers, Version 1.0, 2008

Andrade, J., United States Naval Aircraft Serials Numbers, Version 1.0, 2008

Anon., Convair 240-990, Lundkvist Aviation Research, 1982

ATSC, Model Designations of Army Aircraft, January 1945

Aviation Associates, US Military Aircraft Serial Batches 1960-1993

Bell, D., The Smithsonian NASM Directory of Airplanes

Blacksten, R., US Military Training Gliders

Bowers, P.M., Boeing Aircraft Since 1916

Bowers, P.M., Curtiss Aircraft 1907‑1947

Buttler, T., American Secret Projects – Bombers, Attack and Anti-Submarine Aircraft 1945 to 1974

Casari, R.B., US Army Aviation Serials Number and Orders 1908-1923

Dean, F.H., America’s Army and Air Force Airplanes

Dean, F.H., America’s Navy and Marine Corps Airplanes

Dean, F.H., Hagedorn, D., Curtiss Fighter Aircraft 1917-1948

Fahey, J.C., US Army Aircraft 1908‑1946

Fahey, J.C., USAF Aircraft 1947‑1956

Francillon, R.J., Grumman Aircraft Since 1929

Francillon, R.J., Lockheed Aircraft Since 1913

Francillon, R.J., McDonnellDouglas Aircraft Since 1920

Geldhof, N., 70 Jaar Marine Luchtvaartdienst

Goodall, G., Beech 18 Production List

Gradidge, J.M.G., The Douglas DC-3 (1984 version + update)

Hagedorn, D., North America’s T-6

Harding, S., US Army Aircraft Since 1947

Heyman, J. Unpublished files on Thor, Atlas and Titan launch vehicles/missiles

Historical Office of AAF, The Official Pictorial History of the Army Air Forces

Holder, B., Vadnais, S., The “C” Planes

Jenkins, D. Magnesium Overcast

Johnson, E.R., American Flying Boats and Amphibious Aircraft

Jones, L.S., US Bombers

Jones, L.S., US Fighters

Jones, L.S., US Naval Fighters

Knight, F.J., Smith, C.R., The Grumman Amphibians – Goose, Widgeon and Mallard

Knott, R.C., The American Flying Boat

Larkins, W.T., US Navy Aircraft 1921-1941

Larkns, W.T., US Marine Corps Aircraft 1914-1959

Leeker, J.F., The Aircraft of Air America

Legg, D., Consolidated PBY Catalina – The Peacetime Record

Marson, P.J., The Lockheed Twins

Merseyside AS, United States Air Force Serials 1946 to 1974

Merseyside AS, United States Navy Serials 1941 to 1972

Miller, J., Lockheed Martin’s Skunk Works

Miller, J., The X Planes, X‑1 to X‑45

Norton, B., American Military Gliders of World War II,

Pearcy, A., A History of US Coast Guard Aviation

Pearcy, A, US Coast Guard Aircraft

Pelletier, A.J., Bell Aircraft since 1935

Smith, P.C., Lockheed C-130 Hercules

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Stumpf, D, Titan II

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Swanborough, G., Bowers, P.M., US Military Aircraft Since 1909

Trimble, W.F., Wings For The Navy

Van Den Heuvel, C., Koninklijke Luchtmacht

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‑‑‑, United States Naval Aviation 1910‑1980

Woods, J. & M., DC-4

Woods, J. & M., Constellation


Internet sources

Aerofiles, at

Designation Systems, at

US Military Serials, at

ADF Serials, at

Canadian serials, at

FAA civil registrations database (on-line)

Australian civil registrations database (on-line)

De Havilland Canada Beaver data base, at

Heyman, J, Wright Serials, at

Heyman., J., ML-KNIL (NEI Air Force Serials), at NEI Aviation Yahoo group

AMARC data base, at

Duncan’s F-86 Sabre website, at

Lockheed Starfighters, at

Scamble database, at

Geary, T., 18 Sep 2002, at

Aviation Archeology, at

Country listings at

US Navy Aircraft Records, at



Gradidge, M., American Built Aircraft on the Indian Register up to December 1951 (May 1953, via W. T. Larkins)



Photos are not captioned as to sub-type, unless there is some reason to include a caption.

In the selection of photos, particularly where aircraft have been redesignated, care has been taken to ensure that the photo actually shows an aircraft covered by the designation, rather than a ‘generic’ photo. Similarly, where vintage or preserved aircraft have been shown, they are aircraft which, in operational life, were covered by the designation. However, in some instances a non-representative photo has been included for illustration purposes only. Such instances have been clearly indicated.

Where known the author (ie the original photographer), or alternatively, the source of the photo has been recorded below the photo. A source does not necessarily indicate the photo’s author.

Photos have been drawn from a wide variety of sources and have been collected over a large number of years either from books or through the internet. Where possible, permission has been requested to use the photos, however, in a number of instances, the passage of time has made it impossible to determine the author or source and/or to contact them. This is especially the case with the many photos published in the past by the military services and the aircraft manufacturers.

As these photos are considered essential in providing an as complete as possible coverage of the topic, it has been assumed that these photos are in the ‘public domain’ and that publication of the photos, be it through a book or a website, did imply permission to reproduce, unless otherwise stated in that book or website.

If the inclusion of any photo infringes on existing copyrights, please contact the author and appropriate action will be taken.

The specific permission to use photos from the collections of Mr. William T. Larkins, Mr. K. O. Eckland (for and Mr. Bill Norton as well as the many contributors to the website, is acknowledged.

The author welcomes photos or illustrations of aircraft for which no photo/illustration is shown.

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